1810: P.T. Barnum, the showman, entertainer and businessman remembered for promoting celebrated hoaxes and for founding the circus that became the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, is born in Bethel, Conn.
1811: Venezuela becomes the first South American country to declare independence from Spain, as depicted here in this 1876 painting by Venezuelan painter Martín Tovar y Tovar.
1865: The Salvation Army is founded by William Booth in the East End of London, England.
1935: The National Labor Relations Act, which governs labor relations in the United States, is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
1937: Spam, the luncheon meat, is introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
1944: Singer-songwriter Robbie Robertson, best known for his work as lead guitarist and primary lyricist within The Band, is born Jaime Robert Klegerman in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Robertson is credited for writing such classics as "The Weight," "The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down" and "Up On Cripple Creek."
1946: The bikini bathing suit, designed by Louis Reard, makes its debut during an outdoor fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris. The suit is worn by 19-year-old Micheline Bernardini, a nude dancer from the Casino de Paris.
1947: Larry Doby signs a contract with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League. (Jackie Robinson had broken the color barrier with the Brooklyn Dodgers in the National League 11 weeks earlier.)
1950: The Battle of Osan, the first clash between American and North Korean forces during the Korean War, takes place. At right is Pfc. Kenneth Shadrick, who was killed by enemy fire a few moments after this photo was taken, thus becoming the first United States soldier to die in the Korean campaign.
1950: Singer-songwriter Huey Lewis, best known for his band Huey Lewis and the News, is born Hugh Anthony Cregg III in New York City.
1954: Elvis Presley's first commercial recording session takes place at Sun Records in Memphis, Tenn. The song he recorded was "That's All Right (Mama)."
1963: "The Sopranos" and "Nurse Jackie" actress Edie Falco is born in Brooklyn, N.Y.
1971: The 26th Amendment to the United States Constitution, lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years, is formally certified by President Richard Nixon.
1975: Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title.
1989: Oliver North is sentenced by U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell to a three-year suspended prison term, two years probation, $150,000 in fines and 1,200 hours community service for his role in the Iran-Contra affair. His convictions are later overturned.
1989: The pilot episode of "Seinfeld," then known as "The Seinfeld Chronicles," premieres on TV. It was re-broadcast June 28, 1990, after the show had been picked up as a series.
1995: Armenia adopts its constitution, four years after their independence from the Soviet Union.
1996: Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.
1999: President Bill Clinton imposes trade and economic sanctions against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.
2002: Legendary Boston Red Sox player Ted Williams dies of cardiac arrest at age 83 in Inverness, Fla. A 19-time All-Star and two-time American League Most Valuable Player winner, Williams led the league in batting six times and won the Triple Crown twice. He was the last MLB player to bat over .400 in a season (.406 in 1941) and had a career batting average of .344 with 521 home runs. He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1966.
2005: Vice Admiral James Stockdale, one of the most highly decorated officers in the history of the United States Navy and Ross Perot's vice presidential running mate in 1992, dies of Alzheimer's disease at age 81 in Coronado, Calif. Stockdale, who was awarded 26 personal combat decorations, including the Medal of Honor and four Silver Stars, was the highest-ranking naval officer held as a prisoner of war in Vietnam. He is perhaps best remembered today for introducing himself to the country during the 1992 vice presidential debate by joking "Who am I? Why am I here?"
2009: Roger Federer wins a record 15th Grand Slam title in tennis, winning a five set match against Andy Roddick at Wimbledon. He's since broken his own record, winning a 16th title at the 2010 Australian Open and a 17th at Wimbledon in 2012, his seventh overall Wimbledon championship.
Actress Tori Spelling recently spoke publically about her husband and fellow actor Dean McDermott's affair. But he's not the first celebrity to get in hot water over extramarital activities. Check out this list of high-profile celebrity affairs.