1797: Author Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, best known for her Gothic novel "Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus," is born in Somers Town, London, England.
1800: Gabriel Prosser, a literate enslaved blacksmith, postpones a planned slave rebellion in Richmond, Va., but is arrested before he can make it happen. He and 25 followers were taken captive and hanged in punishment. In reaction, Virginia and other state legislatures would pass restrictions on free blacks, as well as prohibiting the education, assembly and hiring out of slaves, to restrict their chances to learn and to plan similar rebellions.
1813: In what would become known as the Fort Mims Massacre during the Creek War, a force of Creek people belonging to the "Red Sticks" faction kill more than 500 settlers (including more than 250 armed militia) in Fort Mims, north of Mobile, Ala.
1836: The city of Houston, Texas, is founded by New York real estate entrepreneurs Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen. The duo bought 6,642 acres of land along Buffalo Bayou and named their new city after Sam Houston, the popular general at the Battle of San Jacinto who would be elected president of Texas in September 1836.
1896: Actor Raymond Massey, best known for movies such as "Abe Lincoln in Illinois," "Arsenic and Old Lace" and "East of Eden," is born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
1898: Actress Shirley Booth, who won an Academy Award and Golden Globe for 1952's "Come Back, Little Sheba," is born Marjory Ford in Brooklyn, N.Y. Booth, who was primarily a theater actress, was also known for playing the title role of the sitcom "Hazel," winning two Emmy Awards for the role.
1901: A dust removing suction cleaner patent is filed by British engineer Hubert Cecil Booth. Before Booth introduced his version of the vacuum cleaner, cleaning machines blew or brushed dirt away, instead of sucking it up. All modern vacuums are based on Booth's principle. He later used his invention to start up a mobile cleaning service, with his vacuum machine built on a horse-drawn cart with a long hose to extend into a house to be cleaned.
1905: Baseball Hall of Famer Ty Cobb makes his major-league debut with the Detroit Tigers. The 18-year-old Cobb doubled off the New York Highlanders's Jack Chesbro in his first at-bat.
1908: Actor Fred MacMurray, best known for his roles in the film noir movie "Double Indemnity" and as the paternal Steve Douglas, the widowed patriarch on the sitcom "My Three Sons," is born in Kankakee, Ill.
1918: Russian political revolutionary Fanny Kaplan (pictured) shoots and seriously injures Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin. This, along with the assassination of Bolshevik senior official Moisei Uritsky days earlier, prompted the decree for Red Terror, a campaign of mass arrests, executions and atrocities conducted by the Bolshevik government.
1918: Hall of Fame baseball player Ted Williams, who played his entire 22-year Major League Baseball career as the left fielder for the Boston Red Sox, is born in San Diego, Calif. A 19-time All-Star and two-time American League Most Valuable Player winner, Williams led the league in batting six times and won the Triple Crown twice. He was the last MLB player to bat over .400 in a season (.406 in 1941) and had a career batting average of .344 with 521 home runs.
1919: Country singer Kitty Wells is born under the birth name Ellen Muriel Deason in Nashville, Tenn. Her 1952 hit recording, "It Wasn't God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels," would make her the first female country singer to top the U.S. country charts, and transform her into the first female country star.
1930: American business magnate, investor and philanthropist Warren Buffett, who is consistently ranked among the world's wealthiest people, is born in Omaha, Neb.
1935: Singer-songwriter and musician John Phillips (top), leader of the singing group The Mamas & the Papas, is born in Parris Island, S.C. Phillips was also the father of Chynna Phillips, a member of the band Wilson Phillips, and actresses Mackenzie Phillips and Bijou Phillips.
1938: Polish-American make-up artist and businessman Max Factor Sr., the founder of cosmetics giant Max Factor & Company, dies at age 66 in Beverly Hills, Calif. Born Maksymilian Faktorowicz, he largely developed the modern cosmetics industry and popularized the term "make-up" in noun form.
1945: Gen. Douglas MacArthur arrives in Japan and sets up Allied occupation headquarters. Seen here with Emperor Hirohito, MacArthur and his staff would help Japan rebuild itself after World War II. The U.S. was firmly in control of Japan to oversee its reconstruction, and MacArthur was effectively the interim leader of Japan from 1945 until 1948.
1945: The Allied Control Council, which governed Germany after World War II, comes into being. The council issued a substantial number of laws, directives, orders and proclamations dealing with the abolition of Nazi laws and organizations, and the demilitarization and denazification of the country.
1946: Actress Peggy Lipton, best known for the TV series "The Mod Squad" and "Twin Peaks," is born in New York City. She's seen here in 1968 in a promotional photo for "The Mod Squad."
1948: Comedian and actor Lewis Black, known for his appearances on "The Daily Show" and for movies like "Accepted" and "Unaccompanied Minors," is born in Silver Spring, Md.
1953: Basketball Hall of Fame center Robert Parish, who won three NBA titles with the Boston Celtics in the 1980s and another as a member of the Chicago Bulls in 1997, is born in Shreveport, La. Parish, who also played for the Golden State Warriors and Charlotte Hornets in a career that lasted 21 seasons, holds the NBA record for most career regular season games played with 1,611.
1961: Actor Charles Coburn, who won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role as a retired millionaire playing Cupid in 1943's "The More the Merrier" (pictured, with Jean Arthur), dies of a heart attack at age 84 in New York City. Coburn was also nominated for Oscars for his roles in the movies "The Devil and Miss Jones" in 1941 and "The Green Years" in 1946, and also appeared in "The Lady Eve," "Kings Row," "Heaven Can Wait," "Wilson" and "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes."
1963: Actor Michael Chiklis, best known for the TV series "The Commish" and "The Shield," and for the superhero movie "Fantastic Four," is born in Lowell, Mass.
1965: The album "Highway 61 Revisited" by Bob Dylan is released. The album, which features "Like a Rolling Stone," was Dylan's first backed almost entirely by an electric rock band, except for the closing 11-minute acoustic song, "Desolation Row."
1967: Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as the first black justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall would serve on the court for the next 24 years, compiling a liberal record that included strong support for Constitutional protection of individual rights, especially the rights of criminal suspects against the government.
1968: The Byrds' "Sweetheart of the Rodeo" album is released. The album, which was recorded with the addition of country-rock pioneer Gram Parsons, proved to be influential as the first major country-rock album by an established act. Although the album reached No. 77 on the Billboard Top LPs chart, the band's shift away from psychedelic music alienated much of its pop audience.
1972: Actress Cameron Diaz, best known for movies such as "The Mask," "There's Something About Mary," "Shrek," Charlie's Angels," "Being John Malkovich" and "Gangs of New York," is born in San Diego, Calif.
1974: The football comedy "The Longest Yard," starring Burt Reynolds, opens in theaters. Reynolds plays Paul "Wrecking" Crewe, a former star pro football quarterback who is imprisoned and leads a team of inmates against the guards in a game of football.
1981: The Rolling Stones release their "Tattoo You" album, featuring the single "Start Me Up."
1982: Tennis player Andy Roddick, who won the 2003 U.S. Open and has appeared in four other Grand Slam finals, is born in Omaha, Neb.
1983: Guion S. Bluford Jr. becomes the first black American astronaut to travel in space, aboard the third flight of the space shuttle Challenger. This mission was also the first one to launch and land at night. By 1992, Bluford would have spent 688 hours on four space shuttle flights.
1984: The space shuttle Discovery takes off on its maiden voyage.
1994: Usher's self-titled debut album is released. The album would peak at No. 167 on the U.S. Billboard 200 and reach No. 25 on the R&B Albums chart.
1994: British band Oasis' first studio album, "Definitely Maybe," is released. The album became the fastest selling debut album of all time in the United Kingdom and sold more than eight million copies worldwide, including more than a million in the United States alone.
1995: During the Bosnian War, NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces, which had threatened and attacked United Nations-designated "safe areas" in Bosnia.
1997: Cynthia Cooper scores 25 points to lead the Houston Comets over the New York Liberty by a score of 65-51 in the first WNBA championship game. Cooper, who was named the finals MVP, would lead the Comets to the next three titles as well, earning finals MVP honors each year, before retiring following the 2000 championship (pictured).
2003: Actor Charles Bronson, best known for movies like "The Magnificent Seven," "The Great Escape," "The Dirty Dozen" and "Death Wish," dies of pneumonia at age 81 in Los Angeles, Calif.
2006: Canadian-American actor Glenn Ford dies at age 90 in Beverly Hills, Calif. Ford was best known for movies like "Gilda" "The Big Heat," "Blackboard Jungle," "Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse," "The Courtship of Eddie's Father," "3:10 to Yuma," "Cimarron" and "Superman."