1519: Ferdinand Magellan sets sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain, with about 270 men on his expedition to circumnavigate the globe. Although one of his five ships would eventually complete the journey nearly three years later, Magellan would be killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines on April 27, 1521.
1860: The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom) undertakes the first tour of North America by an heir to the British throne.
1863: Union forces led by Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans are defeated by the Confederate Army of Tennessee under Gen. Braxton Bragg at the Battle of Chickamauga in northwest Georgia. The battle was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and involved the second highest number of casualties in the war following the Battle of Gettysburg.
1878: Upton Sinclair, author of "The Jungle" and a passionate crusader for social reform, is born in Baltimore, Md.
1881: Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st president of the United States around 2:15 a.m. following the death of James Garfield the night before from injuries suffered in a July 2 shooting.
1893: Charles Duryea and his brother Frank road-test the first American-made gasoline-powered automobile in a portion of Springfield, Mass., that is now located in the city of Chicopee, Mass. The Duryeas' "motor wagon" was a used horse drawn buggy that the brothers had purchased for $70 and into which they had installed a four horse-power, single-cylinder gasoline engine.
1911: White Star Line's RMS Olympic ocean liner collides with the British warship HMS Hawke off the Isle of Wight. The collision tore two large holes in the Olympic's hull while the Hawke suffered severe damage to her bow and nearly capsized. The Olympic was able to return to Southampton, England, under her own power, and nobody was seriously injured or killed.
1917: Basketball coach Arnold "Red" Auerbach, who won nine NBA titles as a coach of the Boston Celtics and another seven as the team's general manager and president, is born in Brooklyn, N.Y.
1920: Animator Jay Ward, best known as the creator of "Rocky and Bullwinkle," is born in San Francisco, Calif. Ward, who died of kidney cancer in 1989, was also known for producing animated series based on characters such as Dudley Do-Right, Crusader Rabbit, Peabody and Sherman, and George of the Jungle.
1932: Gandhi begins his hunger strike against the treatment of India's Dalit population, known as the "untouchables." The six-day strike would result in a public outcry that successfully forced the government to adopt an equitable arrangement for the untouchables.
1934: Actress Sophia Loren ("Two Women," "El Cid," "Grumpier Old Men") is born under the birth name Sofia Villani Scicolone in Rome, Italy.
1948: Author and screenwriter George R. R. Martin, best known for "A Song of Ice and Fire," his international bestselling series of epic fantasy novels that HBO adapted into the dramatic series "Game of Thrones," is born in Bayonne, N.J.
1957: Buddy Holly releases the single "Peggy Sue," with "Everyday" as the B-side. The song would peak at No. 3 on the Billboard Top 100 music chart later in the year, making it Holly's second hit, following the No. 1 hit "That'll Be the Day" from earlier in the year.
1958: The movie "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof," starring Paul Newman and Elizabeth Taylor, opens in theaters. The movie, based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by Tennessee Williams, would go on to earn six Academy Award nominations, including nods for Newman and Taylor, Best Director for Richard Brooks, and Best Picture.
1962: James Meredith is temporarily barred from entering the University of Mississippi as its first black student. On Oct. 1, 1962, he was successfully admitted to the school.
1968: Mickey Mantle of the New York Yankees hits the 536th and final home run of his career. The future All-Star would retire the following spring.
1970: Jim Morrison is found guilty in Miami, Fla., of misdemeanor charges of indecent exposure and profanity, while being acquitted on charges of "lewd and lascivious" behavior. The charges were related to a March 1, 1969, performance by The Doors in which a drunken and verbally abusive Morrison allegedly exposed himself for a brief instance. In October 1970, he would be sentenced to six months of hard labor and a $500 fine for public exposure and 60 days of hard labor for profanity. He was freed on a $50,000 bond while appealing the conviction, but died before the appeal could be heard.
1971: Having weakened after making landfall in Nicaragua the previous day, Hurricane Irene regains enough strength to be renamed Hurricane Olivia, making it the first known hurricane to cross from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific.
1973: Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in "The Battle of the Sexes" tennis match at the Houston Astrodome.
1973: Singer-songwriter Jim Croce, known for such songs as "Bad, Bad Leroy Brown" and "Time in a Bottle," is killed in a plane crash in Natchitoches, La., along with five others while on his way to Sherman, Texas, for a concert. Croce was 30.
1976: "The Captain & Tennille Show" premieres on ABC. Despite steep competition from NBC's "Little House on the Prairie" and the CBS sitcoms "Rhoda" and "Phyllis," the hour-long musical-variety program proved to be a solid ratings success. However, the pop singing dup asked out of their contract after one year to instead focus on their music and touring career.
1984: "The Cosby Show," starring Bill Cosby as Dr. Cliff Huxtable, premieres. The show would run for 201 episodes over eight seasons, reviving the sitcom genre and topping the ratings from 1985 through 1990.
1987: Walter Payton scores the 107th rushing touchdown of his career, breaking the then-NFL record held by Jim Brown. He would retire following the season with a career total of 110. Payton now ranks fourth on the NFL career rushing touchdown list, having been passed by Marcus Allen (123), LaDainian Tomlinson (145) and Emmitt Smith (164), since retiring.
1998: After playing in a record 2,632 consecutive games over 16 seasons, Cal Ripken Jr. of the Baltimore Orioles sits out a game against the New York Yankees.
2001: In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, President George W. Bush declares a "war on terror."
2007: Between 15,000 and 20,000 protesters march on Jena, La., in support of six black youths who had been convicted of assaulting a white classmate.
2008: A dump truck full of explosives detonates in front of the Marriott hotel in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing 54 people and injuring 266 others.
2011: The United States ends its "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy, allowing gay men and women to serve openly in the military for the first time.
2011: Google's new social network service, Google+, is released to the general public.
Junior right fielder Nick Torres doubled to the gap in left-center field, scoring sophomore second baseman Mark Mathias from first base in the 13th inning, as No. 3 Cal Poly earned a 4-3 walk-off victory over No. 19 Cal State Fullerton before 2,831 Saturday night in Baggett Stadium.
Actress Tori Spelling recently spoke publically about her husband and fellow actor Dean McDermott's affair. But he's not the first celebrity to get in hot water over extramarital activities. Check out this list of high-profile celebrity affairs.