1754: Ben Franklin's political cartoon "Join, or Die," showing a divided snake, is first published in the Pennsylvania Gazette. The now iconic image showed a snake cut into eight pieces, each labeled with the initials of a colony or region and became a symbol of colonial freedom during the American Revolutionary War.
1800: John Brown, the abolitionist who led a raid on Harpers Ferry, W.Va., in 1859 an attempt to start an armed slave revolt by seizing an U.S. arsenal there, is born in Torrington, Conn. Brown's raiders were initially successful in capturing the armory but were defeated two days later and Brown was hung for treason on Dec. 2, 1859.
1860: Author J. M. Barrie, best known as the creator of Peter Pan, is born in Kirriemuir, Angus, Scotland.
1877: A magnitude 8.8 earthquake off the coast of Peru triggers a devastating tsunami and kills 2,541, including some as far away as Hawaii and Japan.
1914: President Woodrow Wilson issues a proclamation declaring the day the first national Mother's Day. Carnations have come to represent the day as they were distributed at one of the first commemorations honoring the mother of Anna Jarvis, the founder of Mother’s Day.
1914: Charles William Post, the breakfast cereal and foods manufacturer who invented Grape Nuts, Postum" and Post Toasties, commits suicide at the age of 59 in Santa Barbara, Calif.
1918: "60 Minutes" journalist Mike Wallace is born Myron Wallace in Brookline, Mass. He was one of the original correspondents for the show, which debuted in 1968, and retired as a regular full-time correspondent in 2006. Wallace died at the age of 93 on April 7, 2012.
1926: Adm. Richard E. Byrd and pilot Floyd Bennett claim to have flown over the North Pole, although there has since been controversy and debate over whether the two actually reached the North Pole.
1936: Actor Albert Finney, best known for roles in movies such as "Tom Jones," "Murder on the Orient Express," "Annie" and "Erin Brockovich," is born in Salford, Lancashire, England. Finney has been nominated for five Academy Awards and has won three Golden Globes out of nine total nominations.
1936: Actress and politician Glenda Jackson, who won Academy Awards for Best Actress for 1970's "Women in Love" and 1973's "A Touch of Class," is born in Birkenhead, England. Jackson, who also starred in the movies "Sunday Bloody Sunday," "Mary, Queen of Scots," "Hedda" and "Stevie," retired from acting in the early 1990s to enter politics and has been a member of the British Parliament since.
1940: Filmmaker James L. Brooks, best known for directing the movies "Terms of Endearment," "Broadcast News" and "As Good as It Gets," is born in Brooklyn, N.Y. Brooks won three Oscars for "Terms of Endearment," including Best Director, Best Original Screenplay and Best Picture, as one of the movie's producers. Before moving into film, he created the TV shows "The Mary Tyler Moore Show," "Rhoda," "Lou Grant" and "Taxi," and has also served as a writer, producer and actor on "The Simpsons."
1942: Politician John Ashcroft, who became the 79th United States attorney general under President George W. Bush, is born in Chicago, Ill.
1946: Actress Candice Bergen, best known for her Emmy-winning role on the sitcom "Murphy Brown," is born in Beverly Hills, Calif. Bergen also appeared on the TV drama "Boston Legal" and in movies like "Starting Over," "The Sand Pebbles," "Carnal Knowledge," "The Wind and the Lion," "Gandhi" and "Miss Congeniality."
1949: Singer-songwriter and pianist Billy Joel, who has written and performed 33 Top 40 hits in his career, is born in The Bronx, N.Y. Some of Joel's hits include "Piano Man," "Just the Way You Are," "Tell Her About It," "It's Still Rock and Roll To Me," "Uptown Girl" and "We Didn't Start the Fire."
1958: Alfred Hitchcock's psychological thriller "Vertigo" premieres in San Francisco, Calif. The movie, which stars Jimmy Stewart and Kim Novak, garnered mixed reviews initially, but has become acclaimed over the years and is now considered one of Hitchcock's defining works.
1960: The Food and Drug Administration approves the prescription pill Enovid, initially marketed only for the treatment of menstrual disorders, for use as a contraceptive, making it the world's first approved oral contraceptive pill.
1960: Federal Communications Commission Chairman Newton N. Minow gives his "Wasteland Speech" to the convention of the National Association of Broadcasters. In the speech, Minow referred to American commercial television programming as a "vast wasteland" and advocated for programming in the public interest.
1960: Baseball Hall of Fame right fielder Tony Gwynn, who won eight batting titles in his 20 seasons with the San Diego Padres, is born in Los Angeles, Calif. Gwynn collected 3,141 career hits and had a .338 career batting average, never hitting below .309 in any full season.
1962: Actor John Corbett, best known for his roles in the TV series "Northern Exposure," "Sex and the City" and "United States of Tara," is born in Wheeling, W.Va. Corbett has also starred in the "Sex and the City" movie and its sequel and in the 2002 sleeper hit "My Big Fat Greek Wedding."
1968: Cartoonist Harold Gray, best known as the creator of the newspaper comic strip "Little Orphan Annie," dies of cancer at the age of 74 in La Jolla, Calif.
1974: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee opens formal and public impeachment hearings against President Richard Nixon.
1979: Actress Rosario Dawson, best known for movies such as "Kids," "Sin City," "Rent," "Death Proof," "Eagle Eye," "Seven Pounds" and "Unstoppable," is born in New York City.
1980: The Liberian freighter MV Summit Venture collides with a pier of the Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Florida's Tampa Bay during a storm, making a 1,400-foot section of the southbound span collapse. Thirty-five people in six cars, a pickup truck and a Greyhound bus fall 150 feet into the water and die. A new bridge was opened in 1987, with the approaches for the original bridge eventually becoming the Skyway Fishing Pier State Park, the longest fishing pier in the world.
1980: The horror movie "Friday the 13th" premieres in theaters. The film, which is considered to be one of the first "slasher" films, follows a group of teenagers who are murdered one by one while attempting to re-open an abandoned campground. The movie, which was made for $550,000, grossed more than $39.7 million at the box office in the United States and went on to become one of the most profitable slasher films in cinema history. It also spawned a franchise with 10 sequels, including a 2003 crossover film with "A Nightmare on Elm Street" villain Freddy Krueger.
1986: Tenzing Norgay, the Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer who accompanied Sir Edmund Hillary on the first confirmed ascent to the summit of Mount Everest in 1953, dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at the age of 71 in Darjeeling, India. Norgay, whose birth name was Namgyal Wangdi, is seen here with Hillary in 1971.
1992: The sitcom "Golden Girls" airs its 180th and final episode after seven seasons. The series, which starred Bea Arthur, Betty White, Rue McClanahan and Estelle Getty, ranked among the top 10 highest-rated programs for six out of its seven seasons. The finale was watched by 27.2 million viewers, roughly 38 percent of the audience at that time.
2004: Chechen Islamists assassinate Chechen President Akhmad Kadyrov using a bomb placed under a VIP stage during a World War II memorial victory parade in Grozny, Chechnya. Two of Kadyrov's bodyguards, the chairman of the Chechen State Council, a Reuters journalist and as many as a dozen others were also killed in the attack. This photo of Kadyrov (center) minutes before the blast was taken from Reuters journalist Adlan Khasanov's camera after he was also fatally wounded and is one of the last photos he took.
2009: Basketball coach Chuck Daly, who coached the Detroit Pistons to back-to-back NBA titles in 1989 and 1990 and coached the Dream Team to the men's basketball gold medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics, dies of pancreatic cancer at the age of 78 in Jupiter, Fla. Daly also coached for the Cleveland Cavaliers, New Jersey Nets and Orlando Magic in his 14-year NBA career, compiling a 564–379 career record.
2010: Singer, actress and dancer Lena Horne dies of heart failure at the age of 92 in New York City. Horne started out as a nightclub singer at the age of 16 before moving to Hollywood and signing a contract with MGM in 1943, becoming the first black performer to sign a long-term contract with a major studio. She appeared in movies such as "Cabin in the Sky" and "Stormy Weather" before being blacklisted for her left-leaning political views. She then returned to nightclub singing, took part in the March on Washington in August 1963, and found work on television, all while releasing well-received record albums. Horne, seen here in a 1961 publicity photo, returned to the screen three more times: in the 1969 film "Death of a Gunfighter," in the 1978 musical "The Wiz" and the 1994 MGM retrospective "That's Entertainment! III."
2012: Vidal Sassoon, who started out as a hairdresser and became a worldwide success with his chain of hairstyling salons and line of hair care products, dies of leukemia at the age of 84 in Los Angeles, Calif.
Actress Tori Spelling recently spoke publically about her husband and fellow actor Dean McDermott's affair. But he's not the first celebrity to get in hot water over extramarital activities. Check out this list of high-profile celebrity affairs.