1775: During the American Revolutionary War, the Continental Army is established by the Continental Congress, marking the birth of the United States Army.
1777: The Stars and Stripes is adopted by Congress as the flag of the United States.
1789: HMS Bounty mutiny survivors including Capt. William Bligh and 18 others reach Timor after a nearly 4,600-mile journey in an open boat over 47 days.
1801: Benedict Arnold, the American Continental Army general who defected to the British Army after his plot to surrender West Point to the British was exposed, dies at the age of 60 in London, England. After his defection, he was commissioned as a brigadier general in the British Army and led forces in raids in Virginia and Connecticut.
1811: Abolitionist and author Harriet Beecher Stowe, best known for her 1852 novel "Uncle Tom's Cabin," which depicted life for African-Americans under slavery, is born Harriet Elisabeth Beecher in Litchfield, Conn.
1820: Author and publisher John Bartlett, best known for editing "Bartlett's Familiar Quotations," the longest-lived and most widely distributed collection of quotations, is born in Plymouth, Mass.
1846: In what becomes known as the Bear Flag Revolt, Anglo settlers in Sonoma, Calif., start a rebellion against Mexico and proclaim the California Republic. The revolt lasted 26 days, at the end of which the U.S. Army, fighting in the Mexican-American War, arrived to occupy the area. Although the "republic" never actually exercised any real authority, it is notable for creation of the "Bear Flag", whose symbols, including a grizzly bear and the words "California Republic," were later incorporated into the California state flag.
1908: Frederick Stanley, the English politician who served as the sixth governor general of Canada but is most remembered for presenting the Stanley Cup, dies at age 67 in London, England. Lord Stanley of Preston, as he was known between 1886 and 1893, originally donated the trophy as a challenge cup for Canada's best amateur hockey club but in 1909 it became contested by professional teams exclusively. Since 1926, only teams of the National Hockey League have competed for the trophy.
1909: Actor and singer Burl Ives, best known for movies such as "East of Eden," "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" and "The Big Country," and the 1964 stop-motion animated family special "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer," is born in Jasper County, Ill. Ives, who composed the title song to "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer," voiced Sam the Snowman, the banjo-playing narrator of the special. His "A Holly Jolly Christmas" and "Silver and Gold" became Christmas standards after being featured in the show. He also won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in "The Big Country."
1928: Ernesto "Che" Guevara, the physician and author who became a Marxist revolutionary and guerrilla leader, is born in Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina. Guevara became a major figure in the Cuban Revolution and his stylized visage has become a symbol of counterculture rebellion. Guevara left Cuba in 1965 to help spur revolution abroad, first unsuccessfully in Congo-Kinshasa and later in Bolivia, where he was captured by CIA-assisted Bolivian forces and summarily executed on Oct. 9, 1967.
1934: In Venice, Italy, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet for the first time. The initial meeting between the two dictators did not proceed amicably. Mussolini refused to give in to Hitler's demands and later described the German dictator as a "silly little monkey."
1940: During World War II, Paris falls under German occupation, and Allied forces retreat. France would remain under Axis occupation until the liberation of the country after the Allied landings in June 1944.
1940: A group of 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów, which included 20 Jews, becomes the first residents of the Auschwitz concentration camp. More than a million prisoners would die at the camp before it was liberated by Soviet troops on Jan. 27, 1945.
1946: Businessman, TV personality and author Donald Trump, who has become known for his extravagant lifestyle, outspoken manner and "The Apprentice" reality TV show, is born in Queens, N.Y.
1949: Albert II, a rhesus monkey, rides a V2 rocket to an altitude of 83 miles, thereby becoming the first monkey in space. Albert II survived the flight but died on impact after a parachute failure. He was actually the second monkey launched by the United States, with the first, Albert I, reaching an elevation of 39 miles on June 11, 1948, but dying of suffocation during the flight.
1951: The U.S. Census Bureau officially puts into service what it calls the world's first commercial computer, known as UNIVAC I. Although the computer, whose name was an acronym for Universal Automatic Computer, wasn't the first ever built, it was the first computer to be widely used for commercial purposes. A total of 46 machines were built at $1 million each.
1952: College basketball coach Pat Summitt, the all-time winningest coach in NCAA basketball history, is born in Clarksville, Tenn. She coached from 1974 to 2012, all with the University of Tennessee Lady Vols, winning eight NCAA national championships, second only to the record 10 titles won by UCLA men's coach John Wooden. She is the only coach in NCAA history, and one of three college coaches overall, with at least 1,000 victories.
1954: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law that places the words "under God" into the United States Pledge of Allegiance.
1959: The Disneyland Monorail System, the first daily operating monorail system in the Western Hemisphere, opens to the public in Anaheim, Calif.
1961: Singer-songwriter Boy George, best known as the lead singer of the 1980s pop group Culture Club, is born George Alan O'Dowd in Bexley, Kent, England.
1965: The album "Beatles VI" is released. The Beatles' seventh Capitol Records release in the United States, it would reach No. 1 on the Billboard 200 album chart for six weeks, beginning on July 10, 1965.
1967: The British drama "To Sir With Love" premieres in the United States. The movie, starring Sidney Poitier as an idealistic engineer-trainee who takes a job teaching a group of rambunctious white high school students from the slums of London's East End, grossed $42 million at the box office to become the eighth highest-grossing film of 1967. The film was also notable for its title song sung by Lulu, which reached No. 1 on the U.S. pop charts, and ultimately was Billboard magazine's No. 1 pop single of 1967.
1968: Actress Yasmine Bleeth, best known for her roles on the TV series "Baywatch" and "Nash Bridges," is born in New York City. Bleeth also appeared in the soap operas "Ryan's Hope" and "One Life to Live" to begin her career.
1969: Tennis player Steffi Graf, who was ranked World No. 1 by the Women's Tennis Association for a record 377 total weeks, is born in Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany. Graf won 22 Grand Slam singles titles in her career, second among male and female players only to Margaret Court's 24. She won 107 singles titles, which ranks her third on the WTA's all-time list after Martina Navratilova and Chris Evert, and is the only tennis player to achieve the Calendar Year Golden Slam by winning all four Grand Slam singles titles and the Olympic gold medal in the same calendar year, which she did in 1988.
1970: The Grateful Dead releases their "Workingman's Dead" album. The album, which features the singles "Uncle John's Band" and "Casey Jones," peaked at No. 27 on the Billboard 200 album chart and eventually received Platinum certification.
1976: "The Gong Show" premieres on television. The talent show featured a panel of three celebrity judges and amateur performers of often dubious talent who could be "gonged" off the stage by the judges. It is best remembered for its absurdist humor and style, often awarding participants ridiculous prizes.
1978: Screenwriter and author Diablo Cody, best known for writing the screenplays for "Juno," "Jennifer's Body" and "Young Adult," is born Brook Busey in Lemont, Ill. "Juno," her debut script, won her multiple awards, including an Academy Award, a BAFTA Award and a Writers Guild of America Award.
1982: Argentine forces in the Falkland Islands' capital city of Stanley conditionally surrender to British forces, ending the Falklands War after 74 days. The conflict resulted from the long-standing dispute over the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, which lie east of Argentina in the South Atlantic. Pictured are Argentine prisoners of war in Stanley.
1985: A 17-day hijacking ordeal begins when a pair of Lebanese Shiite Muslim extremists seize TWA Flight 847 shortly after takeoff from Athens, Greece. The hijackers, who were seeking the release of 700 Shi'ite Muslims from Israeli custody and the condemnation of Israel and the United States, first diverted the plane to Beirut. Over the next two weeks the plane flew back and forth from Beirut to Algiers and the hijackers killed one passenger, a U.S. Navy diver, before eventually releasing the rest of their captives when some of their demands were met.
1986: Songwriter and composer Alan Jay Lerner (right), who collaborated with Frederick Loewe (left) and later Burton Lane to create some of the world's most popular and enduring works of musical theater for both the stage and on film, dies of lung cancer at age 67 in New York City. Some of Lerner's best known works with Loewe include "Brigadoon," "Gigi," "My Fair Lady" and "Camelot." He also wrote the Oscar-winning screenplay for "An American in Paris."
1986: Marlin Perkins, the zoologist best known as a host of the television show "Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom" from 1963 to 1985, dies of cancer at age 81 in St. Louis, Mo.
1988: Actor, singer and dancer Kevin McHale, best known for playing Artie Abrams on the TV show "Glee," is born in Plano, Texas.
1989: Zsa Zsa Gabor is arrested for slapping a Beverly Hills motorcycle patrolman when he stopped her for a traffic violation. She would eventually receive a three-day jail sentence for the incident.
1989: Actress and singer Lucy Hale, best known for roles in the TV series "Pretty Little Liars" and "Privileged," is born in Memphis, Tenn. Hale also has appeared in movies such as "Scream 4" and "The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants 2."
1991: "Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves," starring Kevin Costner, Morgan Freeman, Christian Slater, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio and Alan Rickman, premieres in theaters. The movie became a blockbuster hit, earning $25 million its opening weekend in the United States and eventually more than $390 million at the global box office, making it the second highest grossing film of 1991, immediately behind "Terminator 2: Judgment Day."
1994: After the New York Rangers beat the Vancouver Canucks in Game 7 of the Stanley Cup Finals, fans riot in downtown Vancouver, causing damages of $1.1 million in Canadian dollars and leading to 200 injuries and numerous arrests. One of the people injured was left with permanent brain damage.
1994: American composer and conductor Henry Mancini, best known for his film and television scores, including the themes to the theme to "The Pink Panther" film series and the "Peter Gunn" TV series, dies of pancreatic cancer at the age of 70 in Los Angeles, Calif. Mancini was nominated for an unprecedented 72 Grammys, winning 20. He also won four Academy Awards out of 18 nominations, including Oscars for Best Original Song for "Moon River" from "Breakfast at Tiffany's" and "Days of Wine and Roses" from the movie of the same title, both shared with Johnny Mercer. His other two Oscars were for the scores for "Breakfast at Tiffany's" and "Victor Victoria." He's seen here in April 1994 receiving the ASCAP Masters Medallion Award.
2009: Los Angeles Lakers head coach Phil Jackson breaks Red Auerbach's record by winning his 10th NBA title. Jackson had twice coached the Chicago Bulls to three straight NBA titles in 1991-93 and 1996-98 and won three more in a row with the Lakers from 2000-02. He would coach the Lakers to another title in 2010, raising his career total to 11th NBA titles as a coach to go along with two he earned as a player for the New York Knicks in the early 1970s.
Actress Tori Spelling recently spoke publically about her husband and fellow actor Dean McDermott's affair. But he's not the first celebrity to get in hot water over extramarital activities. Check out this list of high-profile celebrity affairs.