U. S. Census Fast Facts
Updated On: Aug 28 2013 06:58:04 PM CDT
Here's some background information about the United States Census which counts every resident, citizens and non-citizens alike.
2010 Census - U.S. population - 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from 2000
2000 Census - U.S. population - 281,421,906
Other Facts: 1790 - The first United States Census is conducted by U.S. Marshals and their assistants. They travel house to house gathering information about the residents. The Census counts 3.9 million people at a cost of $45,000, and is completed in 18 months.
The U.S. Constitution requires it take place every 10 years. "The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of 10 years, in such manner as they shall by Law direct." - Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution of the United States
The decennial Census results determine how taxpayer money is spent on emergency services, hospitals, job training centers, schools, senior centers, bridges and other public works projects.
The data collected by the Census helps determine the number of seats states have in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Puerto Rico is included in the Census.
Timeline: 1840 - Questions are added about education, vocation, and industry.
1850 - Detailed information about all members, not just the head of the household is collected for the first time. Additional information on taxes, schools, crime, wages, and data on mortality is collected.
1890 - First census in which the electric tabulation system is used.
1910 - The Census Bureau's 1910 population and economic data is used during the nation's mobilization for World War I in 1917.
1940 - The Census Bureau creates the first "long form," which asks additional questions and is only completed by a subset of the population.
1950 - The first non-military computer, UNIVAC, is used to tabulate the 1950 census.
1970 - The Census Bureau is asked by people of Hispanic descent to be able to identify themselves as such.
1980 - Following the 1980 count, 54 lawsuits, many by civil rights groups, are filed against the Census Bureau for improper and unconstitutional methods of counting.
2000 - The first advertising campaign used to promote the census costs $167 million. Census Bureau calculates the population to be 281,421,906. People can mark more than one race, and a "some other race" category is also included.
March 2010 - Census forms are mailed or delivered to households.
April 1, 2010 - National Census Day is promoted as the day to return completed forms.
April-July 2010 - Census takers visit households that have not returned their completed forms.
December 14, 2010 - 2005-2009 American Community Survey five-year estimates are released. This marks the first release of five-year estimates. The American Community Survey includes "social, economic, housing and demographic statistics for every community in the nation."
December 31, 2010 - The Census Bureau is required by law to deliver population information to the president for apportionment.
August 1, 2013 - John H. Thompson is sworn in as the director of the U.S. Census Bureau.
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