Published On: Aug 20 2012 02:02:16 PM CDTUpdated On: Aug 21 2016 01:00:00 AM CDT
2013: New York Yankees outfielder Ichiro Suzuki collects the 4,000th hit of his professional baseball career with a single against the Toronto Blue Jays at Yankee Stadium. He became only the third player in professional baseball history to reach the 4,000-hit plateau, joining Pete Rose and Baseball Hall of Famer Ty Cobb. The total included 2,722 MLB hits and 1,278 hits from his lengthy career in Japan's major leagues.
2007: Elizabeth P. Hoisington, a retired U.S. Army officer who was one of the first two women to attain the rank of brigadier general, dies at age 88 in Springfield, Virginia. Hoisington received the rank along with Anna Mae Hays in 1970.
1993: NASA loses contact with the Mars Observer spacecraft three days before it was to reach orbit around Mars. The fate of the spacecraft remains unknown. The mission, which was intended to study the Martian surface, atmosphere, climate and magnetic field, cost $980 million.
1992: The Ruby Ridge Standoff begins near Randy Weaver's cabin in Idaho with a shootout between U.S. marshals and Weaver's son Sammy and Weaver's friend Kevin Harris. Weaver, a fugitive on an illegal weapon charge, would end up surrendering after an 11-day standoff that left his son, his wife Vicki, their family dog "Striker" and Deputy U.S. Marshal William Francis Degan dead. Weaver was ultimately acquitted of all charges except missing his original court date and violating his bail conditions, for which he was sentenced to 18 months and fined $10,000. Credited with time served, Weaver spent an additional four months in prison. Vicki Weaver is seen here in surveillance video taken during the first day of the standoff.
1989: Actress Hayden Panettiere, best known for the TV series "Heroes" and "Nashville," is born in Palisades, New York.
1986: Sprinter and six-time Olympic gold medalist Usain Bolt is born in Trelawny, Jamaica.
1976: RCA Victor Records announces that the sales of Elvis Presley records have passed the 400 million mark.
1974: Buford Pusser, the sheriff known for his virtual one-man war on moonshining, prostitution, gambling and other vices on the Mississippi-Tennessee state line in the 1960s, dies at the age of 36 after his car struck an embankment at a high speed near Adamsville, Tennessee. Pusser's sometimes controversial efforts served as the inspiration for several books, songs and movies, as well as a TV series.
1967: Actress Carrie-Anne Moss, best known for the "The Matrix" trilogy of films and the movie "Memento," is born in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.
1965: The Lovin' Spoonful release the song "Do You Believe in Magic" as the first single from their debut album. The song would peak at No. 9 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart.
1961: Motown releases what would be its first No. 1 hit, "Please Mr. Postman" by The Marvelettes.
1959: President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs an executive order proclaiming Hawaii the 50th state of the union. Hawaii's admission is currently commemorated by Hawaii Admission Day.
1956: Actress Kim Cattrall, best known for the HBO series "Sex and the City" and for the 1980s movies "Police Academy," "Big Trouble in Little China," "Mannequin" and "Porky's," is born in Liverpool, England.
1954: College Football Hall of Fame running back Archie Griffin, the only two-time Heisman Trophy winner, is born in Columbus, Ohio. Griffin starred for his hometown Ohio State University from 1972 to 1975, winning four Big Ten Conference titles and becoming the first player ever to start in four Rose Bowls. He also played seven seasons in the NFL for the Cincinnati Bengals.
1952: Joe Strummer, the lead singer of the British punk band The Clash, is born under the birth name John Graham Mellor in Ankara, Turkey. He died from an undiagnosed congenital heart defect at age 50 on Dec. 22, 2002. Strummer and The Clash were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in January 2003.
1944: Film director Peter Weir, best known for directing the Academy Award nominees "Witness," "Dead Poets Society," "Green Card," "The Truman Show" and "Master and Commander," is born in Sydney, Australia. He's also directed the movies "Gallipoli," "The Year of Living Dangerously" and "The Mosquito Coast."
1940: Exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky dies from blood loss and shock the day after an assassination attempt by Spanish-born Soviet agent Ramón Mercader. Mercader had attacked Trotsky with an ice axe on the orders of Joseph Stalin.
1938: Country music singer-songwriter and actor Kenny Rogers is born in Houston, Texas. Rogers is best known for hits like "Lucille," "The Gambler," "She Believes in Me," "Lady," "Through the Years" and "Islands in the Stream."
1936: Hall of Fame basketball player Wilt Chamberlain, widely considered one of the greatest and most dominant players in NBA history, is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Chamberlain holds numerous NBA all-time records in scoring, rebounding and durability categories and is the only player to score 100 points in a single NBA game or average more than 40 and 50 points in a season. He also won seven scoring, nine field goal percentage and 11 rebounding titles and won two NBA titles and four regular season MVP awards in his career. He died of congestive heart failure at age 63 on Oct. 12, 1999.
1924: Sportscaster Jack Buck, best known for his work announcing Major League Baseball games of the St. Louis Cardinals for nearly 50 years, is born in Holyoke, Massachusetts. Besides his work with the Cardinals, Buck also worked on many national sportscasts, including radio coverage of 18 Super Bowls and 11 World Series, earning recognition from numerous Halls of Fame, such as the National Baseball Hall of Fame, the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the National Radio Hall of Fame. Some of Buck's famous play-by-play calls include Kirk's Gibson 1988 World Series Game 1 home run, Ozzie Smith's 1985 NLCS home run, and Kirby Puckett's walk-off home run in Game 6 of the 1991 World Series. He died at age 77 on June 18, 2002.
1912: Arthur R. Eldred becomes the first American boy to become an Eagle Scout. It is the highest rank in the Boy Scouts of America.
1911: The Mona Lisa is stolen by Louvre employee Vincenzo Peruggia. It would be two years before the thief was caught, with the painting being returned to the Louvre in 1913.
1905: Animator, director and producer Isadore "Friz" Freleng, best known for his work on the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons from Warner Bros., is born in Kansas City, Missouri. Freleng was responsible for introducing and/or developing several of the studio's biggest stars, including Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Tweety Bird, Sylvester the cat, Yosemite Sam and Speedy Gonzales. The 266 cartoons he directed for Warner Bros. is the most of any director for the studio and he also is the most honored of the Warner directors, winning four Academy Awards. He also went on to found DePatie-Freleng Enterprises, which produced "The Pink Panther Show" and other cartoons. He died at age 88 on May 26, 1995.
1904: Jazz musician, composer and bandleader William "Count" Basie, who introduced several generations of listeners to the Big Band sound and recorded an influential catalog, is born in Red Bank, New Jersey. He died of pancreatic cancer at age 79 on April 26, 1984.
1897: Ransom Eli Olds of Lansing, Michigan, founds Olds Motors Works, which would later become Oldsmobile.
1878: The American Bar Association is formed by a group of lawyers, judges and law professors in Saratoga, New York.
1863: Lawrence, Kansas, is destroyed by Confederate guerrillas Quantrill's Raiders in the Lawrence Massacre. The group targeted Lawrence due to the town's long support of abolition and its reputation as a center for Jayhawkers and Redlegs, which were free-state militia and vigilante groups known for attacking and destroying farms and plantations in Missouri's pro-slavery western counties.
1858: The first Lincoln-Douglas debate takes place in Ottawa, Illinois.
1831: Former slave Nat Turner launches a short-lived, violent slave rebellion in Virginia that results in 60 white deaths and at least 100 black deaths. In the aftermath, Turner was convicted, sentenced to death and hanged and the state executed 56 accused of being part of the rebellion.
1770: James Cook formally claims eastern Australia for Great Britain, naming it New South Wales.