1128: Pope Honorius II grants a papal sanction to the military order known as the Knights Templar, declaring it to be an army of God.
1864: Songwriter Stephen Foster, who wrote "Oh! Susanna", "Camptown Races" and "My Old Kentucky Home" among other songs, dies at age 37, three days after being admitted to Bellevue Hospital in New York City. Foster had fallen in his room at the North American Hotel in Manhattan while suffering from a fever and broken the washbasin, gouging his head.
1898: Under the headline "J'Accuse…!," French writer Émile Zola Zola publishes an open letter to French President Félix Faure in the Paris daily L'Aurore accusing the government of anti-Semitism and the unlawful jailing of Alfred Dreyfus, a French Army officer sentenced to penal servitude for life for espionage. The letter caused a stir in France and abroad and Zola was prosecuted for and convicted of libel the following month. To avoid imprisonment, he fled to England, returning home in June 1899 in time to see the government fall.
1915: An earthquake centered on Avezzano, Italy, kills more than 30,000 people. The earthquake literally toppled the city and killed 96 percent of its population while also causing severe damage elsewhere throughout central and southern Italy.
1929: Wyatt Earp, an Old West law officer best known for his part in the 1881 gunfight at the O.K. Corral, dies of chronic cystitis at age 80 in Los Angeles, Calif. Earp was a city policeman in Wichita, Kan., and Dodge City, Kan., before becoming a deputy sheriff and deputy U.S. marshal in Tombstone, Ariz.
1934: Actor and comedian Rip Taylor, who became famous in the 1970s as a frequent celebrity guest panelist on game shows such as "Hollywood Squares," "To Tell the Truth," "The Gong Show" and "The Match Game," is born in Washington, D.C. Known for his over-the-top performances and for throwing confetti, the flamboyant actor has also made appearances in TV shows such as "The Monkees," "Sigmund and the Sea Monsters" and "Will & Grace" and in movies including the "Jackass" films and "Wayne's World 2."
1938: Actor and director William B. Davis, best known for his role as The Smoking Man on "The X-Files," is born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
1941: Irish author and poet James Joyce, considered to be one of the most influential writers in the modernist avant-garde of the early 20th century, dies at age 58 in Zurich, Switzerland, two days after undergoing surgery for a perforated ulcer. Joyce's best known works include the novels "Ulysses," "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man" and "Finnegans Wake" and the short-story collection "Dubliners."
1943: Actor Richard Moll, best known for playing bailiff Bull Shannon on the sitcom "Night Court," is born in Pasadena, Calif.
1958: Pioneer motion picture producer Jesse L. Lasky, who co-founded Paramount Pictures with Adolph Zukor, dies of a heart attack at age 77 in Beverly Hills, Calif. In 1927, Lasky was one of the 36 people who founded the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
1961: Actress Julia Louis-Dreyfus, best known for her work on the sitcoms "Seinfeld," "The New Adventures of Old Christine" and "Veep," is born in New York City.
1962: Actor and comedian Ernie Kovacs dies at age 42 in a car accident in Los Angeles. Kovacs, known for his often ad-libbed and visually experimental comedic style, lost control of his car while turning fast on wet pavement and crashed into a power pole. He was thrown halfway out the passenger side of the car, dying almost instantly from chest and head injuries.
1962: Country music singer-songwriter Trace Adkins, best known for No. 1 songs such as "(This Ain't) No Thinkin' Thing," "Ladies Love Country Boys" and "You're Gonna Miss This," is born in Sarepta, La.
1964: Bob Dylan releases his third studio album, "The Times They Are a-Changin'." The album, Dylan's first collection to feature only original compositions, would peak at No. 20 in the U.S. and eventually go gold.
1964: Actress Penelope Ann Miller, best known for movies such as "The Freshman," "Awakenings," "Kindergarten Cop," "Chaplin," Carlito's Way" and "The Artist," is born in Los Angeles, Calif.
1966: President Lyndon B. Johnson appoints the first black cabinet member, making Robert C. Weaver head of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
1966: Actor Patrick Dempsey, known for the TV series "Grey's Anatomy" and for movies such as "Can't Buy Me Love," "Sweet Home Alabama," "Made of Honor," "Valentine's Day" and "Enchanted," is born in Lewiston, Maine.
1967: The Rolling Stones release "Let's Spend the Night Together" in the United Kingdom as a double A-sided single with "Ruby Tuesday." It would be released the following day in the United States.
1968: Johnny Cash performs two shows at Folsom State Prison. A live album made up of performances from the two shows was released in May 1968 as "At Folsom Prison." The album hit No. 1 on the country charts and reached the top 15 of the national album chart. The lead single from the album, a live version of "Folsom Prison Blues," was a top 40 hit, Cash's first since 1964's "Understand Your Man."
1969: The Beatles release the album "Yellow Submarine." It was issued as the soundtrack to the film of the same name, which premiered in the United Kingdom seven months prior to the album's release.
1972: Actress Nicole Eggert, best known for her roles on the TV series "Charles in Charge" and "Baywatch," is born in Glendale, Calif.
1976: Actor Michael Peña, best known for the movies "Crash," "World Trade Center," "Shooter," "Tower Heist" and "End of Watch" (pictured), is born in Chicago, Ill.
1977: Actor Orlando Bloom, best known for his roles in the "Pirates of the Caribbean" and "The Lord of the Rings" movie series, is born in Canterbury, Kent, England. He's also known for movies such as "Elizabethtown," "Kingdom of Heaven," "Black Hawk Down" and "Troy."
1978: Hubert Humphrey, who served as the 38th vice president of the United States under under President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1965 to 1969, dies of bladder cancer at age 66 in Waverly, Minn. Humphrey twice served in the U.S. Senate, representing Minnesota from 1949 to 1964 and 1971 to 1978. He was the nominee of the Democratic Party in the 1968 presidential election, losing to Republican nominee Richard Nixon.
1989: Bernhard H. Goetz is sentenced to one year in prison for possession of an unlicensed gun that he used to shoot and seriously wound four young black men he claimed were about to rob him on a New York City subway train on Dec. 22, 1984. He was freed the following September.
1990: Douglas Wilder becomes the first elected black governor as he takes office in Richmond, Va. Wilder was the first black man to serve as a governor since P. B. S. Pinchback, who served as the 24th governor of Louisiana for 35 days from Dec. 9, 1872, to Jan. 13, 1873. Pinchback was Louisiana's lieutenant governor when the state legislature filed impeachment charges against Gov. Henry Clay Warmoth. With Warmoth required by state law to step aside until his case was tried, Pinchback served the final days of his term. Warmoth was not convicted, and the charges were eventually dropped.
1999: Chicago Bulls superstar Michael Jordan announces his retirement from the NBA for a second time. He had previously retired in October 1963, spending 17 months away from the sport in an attempt to become a major-league baseball player. After returning in 1995, he lead the Bulls to three more NBA championships in 1996-98 to go with three he had won in 1991-93 with the team. Like his first retirement, his second wouldn't take either. He unretired again to play for the Washington Wizards from 2001 to 2003.
2001: A 7.7- to 7.9-magnitude earthquake strikes near San Miguel, El Salvador, killing at least 944 people, injuring another 5,565 and destroying 108,261 homes. About 585 of the deaths were caused by large landslides in the cities of Santa Tecla and Comasagua. The quake was followed by more than 2,500 aftershocks over the course of the next month, culminating in another earthquake, this time of a 6.6 magnitude, on Feb. 13, 2001, that left another 315 people dead.
2002: Film director Ted Demme, best known for movies such as "The Ref," "Beautiful Girls" and "Blow," dies of a heart attack while playing basketball at age 38 in Santa Monica, Calif. He's seen here (at right) with his uncle, fellow director Jonathan Demme, in September 1995.
2009: Actor Patrick McGoohan, best known for starring in the 1960s British TV shows "Danger Man" and "The Prisoner" (pictured), dies at age 80 in Santa Monica, Calif. McGoohan wrote and directed several episodes of "The Prisoner," which he also co-created. He also won two Emmys for his work on the Peter Falk detective series "Columbo" and appeared in movies such as "Ice Station Zebra," "Silver Streak," "Scanners" and "Braveheart."
2010: R&B and soul singer-songwriter Teddy Pendergrass, best known for songs such as "Close the Door," "Love TKO" and "Turn Off the Lights," dies of respiratory failure at age 59 while hospitalized at Bryn Mawr Hospital in suburban Philadelphia. Eight days before his 32nd birthday in 1982, Pendergrass was severely injured in a car accident in Philadelphia resulting in him being paralyzed from the waist down. After his injury, he returned to performing and founded the Teddy Pendergrass Alliance, a foundation that helps those with spinal cord injuries.