Published On: Mar 19 2013 06:26:00 PM CDTUpdated On: Mar 25 2015 01:00:00 AM CDT
2006: Country music singer and guitarist Buck Owens, who had 21 No. 1 hits on the Billboard country music charts with his band the Buckaroos, dies of in his sleep of a heart attack at the age of 76 in Bakersfield, California. Owens and his band pioneered what came to be called the Bakersfield sound after his adopted home town with songs like "Act Naturally" and "I've Got a Tiger By the Tail." Beginning in 1969, he also co-hosted the TV series "Hee Haw" with Roy Clark.
2001: Bob Dylan wins an Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Things Have Changed" from the movie "Wonder Boys." Dylan performs the song and accepts the Oscar via satellite due to the fact that he was on tour through Australia at the time. Since winning the Oscar, Dylan has taken it on tour with him and it presides over shows perched atop his amplifier.
1999: Cal Ripken Sr., who spent 36 years in the Baltimore Orioles organization as a player, scout, coach and manager, dies of lung cancer at the age of 63 in Baltimore, Maryland. In 1987, Ripken became the first -- and only -- father to manage two sons, Billy Ripken and future Hall of Famer Cal Ripken Jr., simultaneously in the majors.
1996: The European Union's Veterinarian Committee bans the export of British beef and its by-products as a result of mad cow disease. The ban would last for 10 years before it was finally lifted on May 1, 2006.
1995: Boxer Mike Tyson is released from prison after serving three years for raping 18-year-old Desiree Washington, Miss Black Rhode Island, in an Indianapolis hotel room on July 19, 1991.
1991: At the 63rd Academy Awards, Whoopi Goldberg makes history by winning Best Supporting Actress for her performance in "Ghost." The win made her the first black actress since Hattie McDaniel in 1939 to win an Academy Award. "Dances with Wolves," directed by and starring Kevin Costner, otherwise dominated the ceremony, winning seven Oscars, including Best Picture and Best Director.
1990: A deliberately set fire in an unlicensed social club in The Bronx, New York, known as "Happy Land" kills 87 people, most of them young ethnic Hondurans celebrating Carnival. Unemployed Cuban refugee Julio González, whose former girlfriend was employed at the club, was arrested shortly after the fire and ultimately convicted of arson and murder.
1988: Dancer and choreographer Robert Joffrey, the co-founder of the Joffrey Ballet known for his highly imaginative modern ballets, dies of AIDS at the age of 57 in New York City. He's seen here in a still from the 2012 documentary "Joffrey: Mavericks of American Dance."
1985: Prince wins an Oscar for Best Original Song Score for the soundtrack for the movie "Purple Rain."
1984: Singer and actress Katharine McPhee, who gained fame as a fifth season runner-up on "American Idol" in 2006, is born in Los Angeles, California. Her self-titled 2007 debut album debuted at No. 2 on the Billboard 200 album chart. She has appeared in movies, including "The House Bunny" and "Shark Night 3D," and in TV shows, including starring role in "Smash" and "Scorpion."
1983: While performing the song "Billie Jean" during a taping for the television special "Motown 25: Yesterday, Today and Forever," Michael Jackson performs the moonwalk for a live audience for the first time.
1983: Francis Ford Coppola's movie "The Outsiders" premieres in theaters. The movie, based off the novel of the same name, is noted for its cast of up-and-coming stars, including Emilio Estevez, Rob Lowe, C. Thomas Howell, Matt Dillon, Ralph Macchio, Patrick Swayze and Tom Cruise.
1982: Race car driver Danica Patrick, the most successful woman in the history of American open-wheel racing, is born in Beloit, Wisconsin. Patrick is the only woman to win a race in the IndyCar Series and holds the highest finish (No. 3) by a woman at the Indianapolis 500. On Feb. 17, 2013, she became the first woman to win a pole position in NASCAR Sprint Cup history, doing so for the 2013 Daytona 500.
1979: The first fully functional space shuttle orbiter, Columbia, is delivered to the John F. Kennedy Space Center to be prepared for its first launch.
1976: Ukrainian boxer Wladimir Klitschko (left) is born in Semipalatinsk, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union. The younger brother of retired heavyweight champion Vitali Klitschko (right), Wladimir is the longest reigning IBF, WBO and IBO heavyweight champion in history with the most title defenses for those organizations. He and his brother held every major heavyweight championship belt before Vitali's retirement in 2012.
1975: King Faisal of Saudi Arabia is shot to death by his nephew Faisal bin Musaid. The nephew, who had a history of mental illness, was beheaded the following June.
1974: Actress Lark Voorhies, best known for playing Lisa Turtle on the sitcom "Saved by the Bell," is born in Nashville, Tennessee.
1972: At Boston Garden, Bobby Hull of the Chicago Black Hawks joins Gordie Howe to become only the second National Hockey League player to score 600 career goals.
1971: Hockey player Cammi Granato, one of the first women to be inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame, is born in Downers Grove, Illinois. Granato was the captain of the U.S. women's hockey team that won a gold medal in the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan, and a silver medal a the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah. She is also the younger sister of former NHL player Tony Granato.
1971: Basketball player Sheryl Swoopes, the first player to be signed in the WNBA when it was created in 1997, is born in Brownfield, Texas. Swoopes has won three Olympic gold medals, is a three-time WNBA MVP and led the Houston Comets to the first four WNBA titles from 1997 through 2000.
1969: During their honeymoon, John Lennon and Yoko Ono hold their first Bed-In for Peace at the Amsterdam Hilton Hotel. They would remain in bed until March 31, inviting reporters into their hotel room every day between 9 a.m. and 9 p.m.
1968: The 58th and final episode of "The Monkees" TV show airs. The show, which made stars out of the "Pre-Fab Four" of Davy Jones, Micky Dolenz, Mike Nesmith and Peter Tork, lasted for two seasons and won two Emmy Awards in 1967.
1967: The Who play their first U.S. concert at RKO 58th Street Theatre in New York City.
1965: Actress Sarah Jessica Parker, best known for her role in "Sex and the City" and its two movie adaptations, is born in Nelsonville, Ohio. Parker, who got her start in the short-lived 1982 TV series "Square Pegs," is also known for roles in movies such as "Footloose," "Girls Just Want to Have Fun," "L.A. Story," "Honeymoon in Vegas," "Striking Distance" and "Failure to Launch."
1965: Civil rights activists led by Martin Luther King Jr. successfully complete their four-day, 50-mile march from Selma, Alabama, to the state capitol in Montgomery in support of voting rights. King delivered the speech "How Long, Not Long" on the steps of the Alabama State Capitol Building.
1962: Actress Marcia Cross, best known for her roles in the TV series "Melrose Place" and "Desperate Housewives," is born in Marlborough, Massachusetts.
1957: U.S. Customs officials seize 520 copies of Allen Ginsberg's poem "Howl" being imported from London on the grounds of obscenity. In an unrelated case later in the year, a California judge would dismiss a pornography charge brought against Ginsberg's publisher, declaring the poem "Howl," which contains many references to illicit drugs and sexual practices, is not obscene because it carries "redeeming social importance," thus setting an important legal precedent regarding First Amendment issues.
1954: Actress Audrey Hepburn wins the only Academy Award of her career in just her first nomination. Hepburn won Best Actress for "Roman Holiday" (pictured with co-star Gregory Peck) and would receive four more nominations in her career without winning again. That same ceremony saw William Holden win the only Oscar of his career, for "Stalag 17," and the movie "From Here to Eternity" dominate the awards, winning eight Oscars, including Best Picture and Best Director and supporting wins for Frank Sinatra and Donna Reed.
1948: The first successful tornado forecast predicts that a tornado will strike Tinker Air Force Base in Oklahoma. Meteorologists at the base noticed similarities between the weather conditions of that day and March 20, when the base had been struck by another tornado, and issued the forecast, which was verified when a tornado struck the base that evening.
1947: Singer-songwriter Elton John, the Grammy-winner best known for his more than 50 Top 40 hits, including "Rocket Man," "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road," "Candle in the Wind" and "Can You Feel the Love Tonight," is born Reginald Kenneth Dwight in Pinner, Middlesex, England. His "Candle in the Wind 1997," a version of the song he recorded as a tribute to Princess Diana, is the best selling single in the history of both the UK Singles Chart and the U.S. Billboard Hot 100.
1943: Actor Paul Michael Glaser, best known for playing Detective David Starsky on the 1970s television series "Starsky and Hutch," is born in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1942: Actor and writer Richard O'Brien, best known for writing the cult musical "The Rocky Horror Show," is born Richard Timothy Smith in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England. O'Brien not only wrote the stage musical, but also co-wrote the screenplay of the 1975 film adaptation of "The Rocky Horror Picture Show" and appeared in the film himself as the character Riff Raff. He has also appeared in other movies such as "Flash Gordon," "Dark City," "Ever After" and "Dungeons & Dragons."
1942: Singer Aretha Franklin, who earned the nickname "Queen of Soul" thanks to songs like "I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)," "(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman," "Think," "Chain of Fools" and "Respect," is born in Memphis, Tennessee.
1940: Singer Anita Bryant, a former Miss Oklahoma beauty pageant winner who scored four Top 40 hits in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s, including "Paper Roses" and "In My Little Corner of the World," is born in Barnsdall, Oklahoma. She later became known for her strong views against homosexuality and for campaigning in 1977 to repeal a local ordinance in Dade County, Florida, that prohibited discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
1938: Singer-songwriter and actor Hoyt Axton, best known for writing such songs as "Joy to the World," "Never Been to Spain," "Greenback Dollar" and "The Pusher," is born in Duncan, Oklahoma. Axton also appeared in movies such as "The Black Stallion" and "Gremlins" and made cameos on several TV series in the 1970s and '80s. He died of a heart attack at age 61 on Oct. 26, 1999.
1934: The first Masters golf tournament, then known as the "Augusta National Invitational," wraps up its final round with Horton Smith becoming the inaugural champion. Here Bobby Jones is seen putting during the first tournament.
1934: Feminist and publisher Gloria Steinem, who became nationally recognized as a leader of the women's liberation movement in the late 1960s and 1970s, is born in Toledo, Ohio. Steinem was a columnist for New York magazine and co-founded Ms. magazine and the Women's Media Center, an organization that works to amplify the voices of women in the media.
1931: Nine young black males are arrested in Paint Rock, Alabama, and accused of raping two white women. The case was first heard in Scottsboro, Alabama, earning the group the name "The Scottsboro Boys," in three rushed trials, where the defendants received poor legal representation. The cases were ultimately tried three times, each time resulting in guilty verdicts despite one of the alleged victims admitting to fabricating the rape story. Charges were finally dropped for four of the nine defendants, with sentences for the rest ranging from 75 years in prison to death. The case is now widely considered a miscarriage of justice that led to the end of all-white juries in the South.
1928: Astronaut Jim Lovell, most famous as the commander of the Apollo 13 mission, which suffered a critical failure en route to the moon but was brought back safely to Earth by the efforts of the crew and mission control, is born in Cleveland, Ohio. Lovell was also the command module pilot of Apollo 8, the first Apollo mission to enter lunar orbit, and received the Congressional Space Medal of Honor and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
1918: French composer Claude Debussy, one of the most prominent figures associated with Impressionist music, dies of rectal cancer at the age of 55 in Paris, France.
1918: Howard Cosell, arguably the best-known and most controversial sports broadcaster in the history of the medium, is born Howard William Cohen in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Cosell, who was a "Monday Night Football" broadcaster from its inception in 1970 through 1984, would especially become known for his blustery, cocksure personality, his friendship with boxer Muhammad Ali and his feuds with other sports reporters. He died of a cardiac embolism at the age of 77 on April 23, 1995.
1913: More than 360 are killed and 20,000 homes are destroyed in the Great Dayton Flood in Dayton, Ohio. In the days leading up to flooding, nearly 11 inches of rain fell throughout the Great Miami River watershed on already saturated soil, causing the river and its tributaries to overflow. The existing series of levees failed, flooding downtown Dayton with waters up to 20 feet deep.
1911: Jack Ruby, the Dallas-area nightclub operator who in 1963 shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald, President John F. Kennedy's accused assassin, is born Jacob Leon Rubenstein in Chicago, Illinois.
1911: In New York City, 146 garment workers, most of them recent Jewish and Italian immigrant women, are killed in fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company. The owners of the company would later be indicted on manslaughter charges because some of the employees had been behind locked doors in the factory, causing them to jump from the eighth, ninth, and 10th floors to the streets below. The owners were eventually acquitted, but lost a civil suit in 1913 and were ordered to pay $75 per deceased victim. The fire led to legislation requiring improved factory safety standards and helped spur the growth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, which fought for better working conditions for sweatshop workers.
1908: Film director, editor and screenwriter David Lean, best known for big-screen epics such as "The Bridge on the River Kwai," "Lawrence of Arabia," "Doctor Zhivago" and "A Passage to India," is born in Croydon, Surrey, England. Lean earned 11 Academy Award nominations in his career, winning Best Director for "The Bridge on the River Kwai" in 1958 and for "Lawrence of Arabia" in 1963. He died at age 83 on April 16, 1991.
1901: The Mercedes is introduced by Daimler at the five-day "Week of Nice" races in Nice, France. The car, named after the daughter of businessman Emile Jellinek, dominated the field and reached speeds of more than 86 kilometers per hour. Jellinek inspired the new four-cylinder car when he offered to buy an unprecedented 30 cars from Daimler if they could create a model with a more powerful engine and name it after his daughter.
1894: Coxey's Army, the first significant American protest march, departs Massillon, Ohio, for Washington, D.C. Unemployed workers, led by Ohio businessman Jacob Coxey, marched to protest the unemployment caused by the Panic of 1893 and to lobby for the government to create jobs involving building roads and other public works improvements. They arrived in Washington on April 30, but march leaders were arrested for walking on the grass of the U.S. Capitol and the protest rapidly dwindled.
1807: The horse-drawn Swansea and Mumbles Railway, then known as the Oystermouth Railway, in Swansea, Wales, becomes the first passenger carrying railway in the world. It later moved from horse power to steam locomotion, and finally converted to electric trolley cars, before closing in January 1960.
1807: The Slave Trade Act becomes law, abolishing the slave trade in the British Empire, but not slavery itself. Many of the act's supporters thought it would lead to the death of slavery, but it was not until much later that slavery itself was actually abolished. Pictured is a medallion created as part of a campaign by the British Anti-Slavery Society in the late 1790s.
1199: Richard I, known as Richard the Lionheart, is struck with a crossbow bolt in his left shoulder by the neck while fighting France. The injury quickly became gangrenous, leading to his death on April 6.
A.D. 421: According to legend, Venice is founded at noon, with the dedication of the first church, that of San Giacomo (pictured) at the islet of Rialto.
Benjamin Franklin dies, Daffy Duck makes his debut, the Bay of Pigs invasion begins, the ill-fated Apollo 13 returns to Earth, and two Los Angeles police officers are convicted in the Rodney King beating, all on this day.