1386: Henry V of England is born in Monmouth Castle in Wales. He was king of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 35 in 1422. During his reign he led England against France in the Hundred Years' War, with his military successes culminating in his famous victory at the Battle of Agincourt and the near conquest of France.
1620: The Pilgrims sail from Plymouth, England, on the Mayflower to settle in North America.
1736: German physicist and engineer Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, best known for inventing the mercury-in-glass thermometer and for developing the temperature scale now named after him, dies at age 50 in The Hague, Netherlands.
1782: The Great Seal of the United States is impressed on a document to negotiate a prisoner of war agreement with the British. It was the first official use of the impression.
1810: With the Grito de Dolores ("Cry of Dolores") in the small town of Dolores, near Guanajuato, Mexico, Father Miguel Hidalgo begins Mexico's fight for independence from Spain. Since October 1825, the anniversary of the event has been celebrated as Mexican Independence Day.
1857: The song "Jingle Bells" by James Lord Pierpont is copyrighted under its original title, "One Horse Open Sleigh."
1875: James Cash Penney, the businessman who founded the J.C. Penney stores in 1902, is born in Hamilton, Mo.
1877: Jacob Schick, the inventor and entrepreneur who patented the first electric razor and started the Schick Dry Shaver, Inc. razor company, is born in Ottumwa, Iowa.
1893: At noon more than 100,000 settlers make a land run for prime land in the Cherokee Strip in Oklahoma. With more than 6.5 million acres up for grabs, it was the largest land run in United States history. Here, crowds wait along a fence line waiting for the land run to begin.
1898: Illustrator and writer H.A. Rey, best known for the "Curious George" series of children's picture books that he and his wife Margret Rey created from 1939 to 1966, is born Hans Augusto Reyersbach in Hamburg, Germany.
1908: The General Motors Corporation is founded in Flint, Mich.
1914: Radio and TV personality Allen Funt (right), who created the hidden camera/practical joke reality television series "Candid Camera," is born in New York City.
1919: The U.S. Congress grants the American Legion a national charter as a patriotic veterans organization.
1920: A TNT bomb planted in an unattended horse-drawn wagon explodes on Wall Street in New York City, killing 38 people and injuring hundreds more. Bolshevist or anarchist terrorists were believed to be responsible for the attack, but the crime was never solved. The attack was the deadliest act of terrorism on U.S. soil up to that point.
1924: Actress Lauren Bacall, who made her film debut opposite her future husband Humphrey Bogart in 1944's "To Have and Have Not," is born Betty Joan Perske in The Bronx, N.Y. Bacall went on to star alongside Bogart in "The Big Sleep," "Dark Passage" and "Key Largo," and also starred in movies such as "How to Marry a Millionaire" and "Designing Woman." She also earned Academy Award and Golden Globe nominations for her role in 1996's "The Mirror Has Two Faces."
1925: Blues guitarist and singer-songwriter B.B. King is born Riley B. King in a small cabin on a cotton plantation outside of Berclair, Miss. King, considered one of the greatest guitarists of all time and nicknamed "The King of Blues," is known for hit songs such as "3 O'clock Blues," "The Thrill Is Gone" and "Sweet Little Angel."
1927: Actor Peter Falk, best known for his role as Lt. Columbo in the television series "Columbo," is born in New York City. He also appeared in movies such as "The Princess Bride, The Great Race and Next, and television guest roles. He was nominated for an Academy Award twice (for 1960's Murder, Inc. and 1961's Pocketful of Miracles), and won the Emmy Award on five occasions (four for Columbo) and the Golden Globe Award once.
1932: Actor, singer and dancer George Chakiris, best known for the role of Bernardo, the leader of the Sharks gang, in the film musical "West Side Story," is born in Norwood, Ohio. Chakiris won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for "West Side Story."
1934: Basketball Hall of Fame forward Elgin Baylor, who played 13 seasons for the NBA's Minneapolis Lakers/Los Angeles Lakers, appearing in eight NBA Finals, is born in Washington, D.C. The No. 1 draft pick in 1958, NBA Rookie of the Year in 1959, and an 11-time NBA All-Star, he is regarded as one of the game's all-time greatest players. He played collegiately at College of Idaho and Seattle University, the latter of which he led to the NCAA championship game in 1958, earning Most Outstanding Player honors in a loss to the Kentucky Wildcats. After retiring as a player he spent 22 years as the general manager of the Los Angeles Clippers, being named the NBA Executive of the Year in 2006.
1940: U.S. President Roosevelt signs into law the Selective Training and Service Act, which set up the first peacetime military draft in U.S. history. The act required that men between the ages of 21 and 35 register with local draft boards. Later, when the U.S. entered World War II, all men aged 18 to 45 were made subject to military service, and all men aged 18 to 65 were required to register.
1943: During World War II, the Allied invasion of Italy concludes when Heinrich von Vietinghoff, commander of the German Tenth Army, orders his troops to withdraw from Salerno.
1949: Actor Ed Begley Jr., best known for his role as Dr. Victor Ehrlich on the television series "St. Elsewhere," and for his environmental activism, is born in Los Angeles, Calif. He's also had roles on the TV shows "7th Heaven," "Arrested Development," "The West Wing," "Six Feet Under" and "Stephen King's Kingdom Hospital," and has appeared in movies such as "Best in Show," "A Mighty Wind" and "For Your Consideration."
1952: Actor Mickey Rourke, best known for movies such as "Diner," "Rumble Fish," 9½ Weeks," "Sin City," "The Expendables," "The Wrestler" and "Iron Man 2," is born Philip Andre Rourke Jr. in Schenectady, N.Y. He earned an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor and a Golden Globe and BAFTA for his role in 2008's "The Wrestler."
1955: A Soviet Navy Zulu class submarine becomes the first submarine to launch a ballistic missile. A similar class sub is seen here in 2008 in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
1955: Hall of Fame shortstop and center fielder Robin Yount, who spent his entire 20 year MLB career with the Milwaukee Brewers, is born in Danville, Ill. The three-time All-Star collected 3,142 hits and 251 home runs in his career, which also saw him earn the American League MVP in 1982 and 1989.
1956: Illusionist David Copperfield, has been described by Forbes as the most commercially successful magician in history, is born David Seth Kotkin in Metuchen, N.J.
1958: Actress Jennifer Tilly, best known for movies such as "The Fabulous Baker Boys," "Bullets Over Broadway," "Bound" and "Bride of Chucky," is born Jennifer Elizabeth Chan in Los Angeles, Calif. Tilly, the older sister of fellow actress Meg Tilly, earned an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress for her "Bullets Over Broadway" role.
1959: The first successful photocopier, the Xerox 914, is introduced in a demonstration on live television from New York City.
1961: Typhoon Nancy, with possibly the strongest winds ever measured in a tropical cyclone, makes landfall in Osaka, Japan, killing 173 people.
1963: The Beatles release "She Loves You" in the United States. While the song had proved a smashing success in the United Kingdom, in America it garnered very little airplay and ended up selling only about a thousand copies. The song would find new life in the U.S. early the next year when "I Want to Hold Your Hand" rocketed up the charts to No. 1. "She Loves You" eventually spent five weeks at No. 2 on the Billboard chart, behind "I Want to Hold Your Hand," then replaced it for two weeks at No. 1 beginning on March 21, 1964.
1963: Singer-songwriter Richard Marx, known for hit songs such as "Don't Mean Nothing," "Hold On to the Nights," "Satisfied," "Should've Known Better," "Endless Summer Nights," "Right Here Waiting" and "Hazard," is born in Chicago, Ill.
1964: Actress Molly Shannon, best known for her work as a cast member on "Saturday Night Live" from 1995 to 2001, is born in Shaker Heights, Ohio.
1965: Animation producer Fred Quimby, best known as a producer of "Tom and Jerry" cartoons, for which he won seven Academy Awards, dies at age 79 in Santa Monica, Calif. Quimby was the film sales executive in charge of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon studio, which included Tex Avery and the team of William Hanna and Joseph Barbera.
1968: Presidential candidate and former Vice President Richard Nixon appears on "Laugh-In," reciting the sketch comedy show's catchphrase "Sock it to me" in disbelieving question form. An invitation was extended to Nixon's opponent, Vice President Hubert Humphrey, but he declined. Less than two months later, Nixon beat Humphrey in the presidential election.
1968: Singer-songwriter and actor Marc Anthony, best known for his Latin salsa numbers and ballads, is born Marco Antonio Muñiz in New York City. He has had acting roles in movies such as "Carlito's Way," "Hackers," "Big Night," "The Substitute," "Bringing Out the Dead" and "Man on Fire."
1971: Actress Amy Poehler, best known for her TV work on "Upright Citizens Brigade," "Saturday Night Live" and "Parks and Recreation," is born in Newton, Mass.
1972: "The Bob Newhart Show" premieres. The sitcom, in which comedian Bob Newhart portrayed a Chicago psychologist having to deal with his patients and fellow office workers, aired for six seasons, ranking in the top 20 its first three seasons.
1978: An earthquake measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale hits the city of Tabas, Iran, killing about 15,000 people.
1979: The Sugar Hill Gang's "Rapper's Delight" is released. While not the first single to feature rapping, it is generally considered to be the song that first popularized hip hop in the United States and around the world.
1981: Actress Alexis Bledel, best known for playing Rory Gilmore on the TV series "Gilmore Girls," is born in Houston, Texas. She's also known for her roles in the movies "The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants," "Tuck Everlasting" and "Sin City."
1987: The Montreal Protocol is signed to protect the ozone layer from depletion. The treaty has been ratified by 197 countries and the European Union, making it the most widely ratified treaty in United Nations history.
1988: Tom Browning of the Cincinnati Reds pitches the 12th perfect game in major-league baseball history, beating the Los Angeles Dodgers 1-0 at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.
1992: Musician, singer-songwriter and actor Nick Jonas, best known as one of the Jonas Brothers, a pop-rock band he formed with his brothers Joe and Kevin, is born in Dallas, Texas.
1993: Dave Winfield of the Minnesota Twins becomes the 19th player in MLB history to reach 3,000 career hits with a single off Oakland Athletics closer Dennis Eckersley. The future Hall of Famer would total 3,110 hits in his career before retiring following the 1995 season. He's seen here during his Baseball Hall of Fame induction ceremony in 2001.
1994: The Exxon Corporation is ordered by a federal jury to pay $5 billion in punitive damages to the people harmed by the 1989 Exxon Valdez spill. After years of appeals, including one to the U.S. Supreme Court, the verdict was eventually lowered to $507.5 million in 2008.
2003: Singer-songwriter and actor Sheb Wooley, best known for his 1958 novelty song "The Purple People Eater," dies of leukemia at age 82 in Nashville, Tenn. He also played Ben Miller, brother of Frank Miller in the film "High Noon," played Travis Cobb in "The Outlaw Josey Wales," and had a co-starring role as scout Pete Nolan in the TV series "Rawhide" (pictured, left).
2004: Hurricane Ivan makes landfall at Gulf Shores, Ala., as a strong Category 3 storm. Overall, the hurricane was blamed for at least 115 deaths, 43 in the United States alone, and caused $18 billion in damages to the U.S.
2004: Tropical Storm Jeanne reaches hurricane strength near the eastern tip of the Dominican Republic on the island of Hispaniola. While the storm did not strike Haiti directly, it was large enough to cause flooding and mudslides, particularly in the northwestern part of the country. It was blamed for at least 3,006 deaths in Haiti with about 2,800 in the northern city of Gonaïves alone, which was nearly washed away by floods and mudslides.
2005: Gordon Gould, the American physicist widely credited with inventing the laser, dies of natural causes at age 85 in New York City.
2006: Bob Dylan, at age 65, becomes the oldest person to top the Billboard 200 album chart when "Modern Times," his 32nd studio album, enters the chart at No. 1.
2007: Military contractors working for Blackwater Worldwide allegedly shoot and kill 17 Iraqis in Nisour Square, Baghdad, while clearing the way for a convoy of U.S. State Department vehicles. The Blackwater guards claimed the convoy was ambushed and they fired in self defense, but Iraqi authorities said the killings were unprovoked. The killings outraged Iraqis and strained relations between Iraq and Washington. Although charges against the guards were initially dismissed, four of the guards still face reinstated charges of manslaughter in ongoing proceedings. Here, a man who was wounded in the attack is helped by his relatives in a Baghdad hospital.
2008: The federal government announces an emergency $85 billion loan to rescue AIG, the world's largest insurance company, in exchange for an 80-percent stake in the company. The Treasury eventually upped its stake to 92.1 percent before starting to sell off its stock in May 2011. The government had sold all of its stake in the company by the end of 2012.
2009: Singer-songwriter Mary Travers (right), a member of the folk music group Peter, Paul and Mary, dies at age 72 in Danbury, Conn., from complications arising from chemotherapy for leukemia. Peter, Paul and Mary were one of the most successful folk-singing groups of the 1960s, with hit songs like "If I Had a Hammer (The Hammer Song)," "Puff (The Magic Dragon)" and "Blowin' in the Wind."
2013: Military contractor Aaron Alexis shoots and kills 12 people at the Washington Navy Yard in Washington, D.C. The gunman would ultimately be shot and killed by police about 30 minutes after the shooting began. Eight other people were also injured in the attack.