Santa Barbara
66° F
Clear
Clear
Santa Maria
67° F
Clear
Clear
San Luis Obispo
68° F
Clear
Clear
Ventura
64° F
Clear
Clear

A history of U.S. gun laws

By From The CNN Political Unit
Published On: Jan 10 2013 10:15:43 AM CST
Updated On: Jan 01 2013 09:31:34 AM CST
Gun
WASHINGTON (CNN) -

Mass shootings in 2012 reignited the debate over legislation to combat gun violence. Here's a look at laws already on the books in the United States dealing with firearms.

1791 -- Second Amendment: Congress ratifies the Second Amendment to the Constitution, which reads that "A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed."

1934 -- National Firearms Act: The law was designed to make it difficult to obtain especially lethal guns. These would include preferred weapons of the era's gangsters, like sawed-off long rifles or shotguns and machine guns. It also regulated specialty weapons concealed in canes, pens or other items.

1968 -- Gun Control Act of 1968: Following the assassinations of President John F. Kennedy, Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, Congress passed this law prohibiting convicted felons from possessing firearms. It also required licenses to trade in guns and created procedures to track serial numbers and control imports.

1984-1986 -- Comprehensive Crime Control Act and the Armed Career Criminal Act: These laws enhanced penalties for using or carrying firearms while committing serious drug offenses, for felons with three prior convictions of violent crimes or drug offenses, for using short-barreled rifles and shotguns and semiautomatic weapons and for automatic weapons or those equipped with a silencer.

1986 -- The Firearms Owners' Protection Act of 1986: Allowed licensed dealers to operate outside of their normal places of business, like gun shows, and excluded hobbyists or collectors from some regulations. It permitted sales of ammunition without a license, allowed convicted felons to obtain guns if their civil rights were restored after prison, and banned the production of machine guns for civilian use. It also made it illegal for anyone to sell firearms to those prohibited from owning them.

1993 -- The Brady Law: After a seven-year legislative battle, Congress passed the Brady Handgun Violence Protection Act, which required background checks for those buying firearms.

1994 -- Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act: Increased fees and required photographs and fingerprints to obtain a dealer's license.

1994 -- Youth Handgun Safety Act: Banned possession of handguns by those under 18 and prohibited adults from transferring them to juveniles.

1994 -- Assault weapon ban: The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act made it unlawful, with a few exceptions, to make, transfer, or possess semiautomatic assault weapons. It also made it illegal to possess large capacity magazines that held more than 10 rounds. The law expired in 2004.

Sources: U.S. Department of Justice; Congressional Research Service

Comments

The views expressed are not those of this company or its affiliated companies. Please note by clicking on "Post" you acknowledge that you have read the Terms Of Service and the comment you are posting is in compliance with such terms. 
blog comments powered by Disqus
  • package delivery mail

    iStock / sjlocke

    8-year-old receives box of condoms in the mail

    Parents are seeking answers after a package containing condoms was mailed to their 8-year-old daughter.

  • sanda_barbara_fire_department_haircut_sbfd

    SBFD Shave Heads To Support Firefighter With Cancer

    The Santa Barbara City Fire Department came together Friday to support one of their own who's battling cancer.

  • Roger Aceves

    Roger Aceves Runs for Santa Barbara County Supervisor Seat

    Goleta Mayor Roger Aceves is running for Santa Barbara County Supervisor.

  • randy_ramirez_david_martinez

    Shooting Suspects Arrested

    Two men are behind bars Friday in connection with a shooting on March 11 that occurred on the 1600 block of North Mary Street.

  • Maximum Protection from a Pest at Cachuma Lake

    The County of Santa Barbara Community Services Department Parks Division has received Board of Supervisor’s approval to increase protection from aquatic invasive species at Cachuma Lake.

  • Bunny Therapy Helps With Recovery

    Meet Axel Rose: Therapy Bunny Helps With Healing

    Visiting Nurse & Hospice Care is making special visits to some of the area's senior care/assisted living homes with their pet therapy bunny, Axel Rose. Axel is a certified pet therapy bunny who participates in VNHC's pet therapy programs for their patients, and they are taking him around to make these special visits to patients before the Easter holiday to spread some love and cheer.

    A visit from a pet often leads to both physical and mental health benefits. VNHC nurses notice lower blood pressure, improved cardiovascular health, lower overall physical pain, and that the act of petting produces an automatic relaxation response, sometimes reducing the amount of medication necessary.

  • drought_farmers_water_dry

    Water Allotments Increase for California Farmers

    California farmers and cities are set to get more water, as state and federal officials ease drought-related water cutbacks because of recent rain and snow.

  • destroyed_military_ordnance_solvang

    Military Ordnance Identified And Destroyed In Solvang

    A large military shell left in a downtown Solvang garbage dumpster prompted hours of acThe Santa Barbara County Sheriff's Bomb Squad, along with Vandenberg's Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Team, retrieved a large military shell left in a dumpster  ordnance from downtown Solvang around 1:30 Thursday morning, and took it to a remote location where it was destroyed.

  • Tori Spelling, Dean McDermott

    REUTERS/Fred Prouser

    Affairs to remember: High-profile cheating

    Actress Tori Spelling recently spoke publically about her husband and fellow actor Dean McDermott's affair. But he's not the first celebrity to get in hot water over extramarital activities. Check out this list of high-profile celebrity affairs.

  • Easter basket, candy

    Most-fattening Easter candy

    You may pack on the pounds stealing these goodies out of your child's Easter basket.