Santa Barbara
71° F
Santa Maria
70° F
San Luis Obispo
71° F
68° F

What immunizations are recommended for infants?

By By Steve Fischer, Contributing Writer
Published On: Jun 17 2013 01:45:05 PM CDT
Updated On: Aug 02 2013 09:05:49 AM CDT

iStock Image

It can be dizzying to keep track of all the vaccines required during your child’s first year of life. For that reason, we compiled a run-down of each vaccine, and supplied which age the vaccine is generally given.

Below are the recommended vaccinations for children between birth and 1 year of age, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and Boston Children’s Hospital.

Hepatitis B (HepB)

Hepatitis B infections are known as the “silent epidemic” because many infected people don’t experience symptoms until decades later when they develop hepatitis (inflammation of the liver), cirrhosis (severe liver disease), or cancer of the liver (hepatocellular carcinoma).

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends children get vaccinated for hepatitis B to prevent against severe liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus.

According to The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, the hepatitis B vaccine is given as a series of three shots: the first between birth and 2 months of age; the second dose one to two months later; and the third given between 6 months and 18 months of age.

Rotavirus (RV)

Each year in the U.S., according to the Boston Children’s Hospital, rotavirus causes as many as 55,000 children to be hospitalized.

Rotavirus infects the lining of the intestines, and is the leading cause of severe diarrhea. The treatment goal is to prevent complications from dehydration.

The CDC recommends a series of three doses by mouth at 2 months, 4 months and 6 months of age, and can be administered with other vaccines typically given at those times.

Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis (DTaP)

Diphtheria, a childhood disease that was common in the 1930s, is an acute bacterial disease found in two forms -- respiratory diphtheria and cutaneous (or skin) diphtheria.

Vaccinations against diphtheria have made the disease rare in the U.S. and other developed countries.

Tetanus (or lockjaw) causes painful contracting of the muscles, typically all over the body. It can lead to “locking” of the jaw, so the victim cannot open his or her mouth or swallow.

Pertussis (or whooping cough) causes uncontrollable coughing spells so bad that it is hard for infants to eat, drink or breathe.

The DTaP vaccine is given to infants in a series of five shots at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 to 18 months, and again at 4 to 6 years of age.

Haemophilus Influenza (Hib)

Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) is a bacterium that infects the lining of the brain, causing meningitis. Meningitis is caused by several different bacteria; however, before the vaccine Hib was the most common cause of meningitis, according to the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.

The CDC recommends the Hib vaccine for infants at 2, 4, 6 and 15 to 18 months.

Polio (IPV)

Polio is a highly contagious disease caused by three types of poliovirus: spinal polio, bulbar polio  and bulbospinal polio, a combination of the two. The poliovirus is a virus most notable for its destruction of the nervous system, causing paralysis.

The majority of individuals who are infected with polio have no symptoms, and a small number of have mild symptoms. According to the CDC and the World Health Organization (WHO), of those people who do acquire the infection, 1 percent or fewer may develop paralytic disease.

Since the introduction of the polio vaccine in 1955 and global efforts to quell its spread, infections from the poliovirus have nearly been eradicated.

The CDC recommends three doses of the IPV (Inactivated polio vaccine) at 2 months, 4 months, between 6 and 18 months.

Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV)

According to the CDC, before the preventative vaccine for this disease was introduced, children under the age of 5 registered the following infections per year:

·         More than 700 cases of meningitis

·         13,000 blood infections

·         About 5 million ear infections

These infections caused about 200 deaths per year before the vaccine.

The CDC recommends infants receive three doses of PCV at 4 months, 6 months, and between 12 and 15 months.


Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is a highly contagious viral infection of the upper respiratory system.

People are generally the most contagious with the flu 24 hours before they start having symptoms, which is why it can hard to stop the spread of the flu, especially among children.

The CDC recommends infants receive the influenza vaccination at 6 months and each year after.


If you have any concerns about your child’s health or his or her vaccine recommendations, please seek the advice of a medical professional.


The views expressed are not those of this company or its affiliated companies. Please note by clicking on "Post" you acknowledge that you have read the Terms Of Service and the comment you are posting is in compliance with such terms. 
blog comments powered by Disqus
  • fatal_accident_investigation

    Extensive Investigation into Triple Fatal Accident

    An extensive investigation is underway to determine the cause of death in a triple fatal rollover accident Monday morning in Santa Barbara.

  • State Street Benches Gone

    Benches Removed in Two Block Area of Downtown Santa Barbara

    Benches have been removed in a two block area of State Street between Haley and Ortega Streets in downtown Santa Barbara.  The city says they are being cleaned and repaired.

  • Santa Barbara County Sheriff s candidates forum

    Santa Barbara County Sheriff Candidates Face-Off

    Santa Barbara County Sheriff candidates squared-off at a candidates forum Wednesday night.

  • Triple Fatal Auto Accident on Highway

    3 Dead In Early Morning Accident, Driver Arrested For DUI

    The 101 southbound through Santa Barbara reopened just before 12:30 Monday afternoon as authorities investigate what they say was a deadly two car DUI accident.

  • fuzion_store_business_santa_barbara

    UCSB Group Boycotts Business For Promoting Deltopia

    A UCSB student group is boycotting a local business for creating the Deltopia Facebook page, which they said brought in thousands of outsiders to the small college town.

  • Roger Aceves Runs for Santa Barbara County Supervisor Seat

    Goleta Mayor Roger Aceves is running for Santa Barbara County Supervisor.

  • girl_child_coughing_sick_whooping_cough

    Contagious Diseases Making a Comeback in California

    Deadly diseases that were a thing of the past are making a comeback in California.

  • Ordinary Citizens Receive Awards for Acts of Heroism

    Ordinary Citizens Receive Awards For Acts of Heroism

    The Santa Barbara Police Department recognized some ordinary citizens doing extraordinary things. An awards ceremony was held Wednesday to recognize the acts of heroism.

    Each year officers nominate those in our community who they feel are deserving of the "Extra Step Awards" These awards recognize acts of heroism that include saving lives and aiding officers in fighting crime.

    A total of 8 people received the prestigious annual award sponsored by the Kiwanis Club of Santa Barbara. They include:

    Daniel Green
    Mr. Green, Head of Security Operations at the Wildcat Lounge, assisted SBPD officers on multiple occasions in 2013 dealing with combative subjects and with alcohol-related, narcotics, and DUI investigations.  He was nominated by Officer Ethan Ragsdale.

    Thomas Eck
    Mr. Eck, the Santa Barbara High School Track Coach, prevented a felony fugitive from stealing a van and potentially driving through a crowd of student athletes and spectators leaving a track meet at Santa Barbara City College.  He was nominated by Officer Carl Kamin.

    William Barbaree & Nicholas McGilvray
    Mr. Barbaree and Mr. McGilvray performed lifesaving first aid, prior to the arrival of emergency personnel, to James Atwood and Ellen Atwood, two motorcyclists that had been struck by a drunk driver.  They were nominated by Officer Heather Clark.

    Devin Shaw, Eva Pagaling & Steffanie Colgate
    Mr. Shaw, Ms. Pagaling, and Ms. Colgate witnessed the hit-and-run collision that resulted in the death of Mallory Dies.  They pursued the suspect, tried to persuade him to return to the scene of the collision, called 9-1-1, and directed officers to the suspect's location resulting in his apprehension.  They were nominated by Officer Jaycee Hunter.

    Scott Houston
    Mr. Houston came to the aid of an officer struggling in the street with a bank robbery suspect, helping to detain the suspect until additional officers arrived on-scene.  He was nominated by Officer Richard Washington.

  • Lupita Nyong'o

    REUTERS/Danny Moloshok

    People's 'World's Most Beautiful' list 2014

    People magazine recently named Lupita Nyong'o its "World's Most Beautiful" for 2014. See which other ladies earned a coveted spot on the annual list.

  • Who's the Boss blurb image

    Sony Pictures Television

    Where are 'Who's the Boss?' stars now?

    With Tony Danza marking his 63rd birthday on Monday, join us for a look at what he and the rest of the cast of "Who's the Boss?" are up to today.